In most financial contracts, counterparty risk is also known as "default risk".
Because A is a counterparty to B and B is a counterparty to A both are exposed to this risk. For example if Joe agrees to lends funds to Mike up to a certain amount, there is an expectation that Joe will provide the cash, and Mike will pay those funds back. There is still the counterparty risk assumed by them both. Mike might default on the loan and not pay Joe back or Joe might stop providing the agreed upon funds.
Investment dictionary. Academic. 2012.
Look at other dictionaries:
counterparty risk — The risk that a counterparty will default (fail to perform) on its obligation under a contract. Counterparty risk is not limited to credit risk (the risk that the counterparty cannot fulfill its contractual obligations) but may also result from… … Financial and business terms
counterparty risk — The risk that either of the parties to a contract (counterparties) will fail to honour their obligations under the contract. In such organized markets as the London International Financial Futures and Options Exchange this risk is reduced by the… … Big dictionary of business and management
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Counterparty risk — The risk that the other party to an agreement will default. In an options contract, the risk to the option buyer that the option writer will not buy or sell the underlying as agreed. The New York Times Financial Glossary * * * ► See Credit… … Financial and business terms
counterparty risk requirement — ( CRR) A component of the financial resources requirement for both ISD and non ISD firms. The CRR requires that timely provision is made in case of bad debts/non deliveries. Dresdner Kleinwort Wasserstein financial glossary … Financial and business terms
Counterparty — A counterparty (sometimes contraparty) is a legal and financial term. It means a party to a contract. A counterparty is usually the entity with whom one negotiates on a given agreement, and the term can refer to either party or both, depending on … Wikipedia
Counterparty — The other party that participates in a financial transaction. Every transaction must have a counterparty in order for the transaction to go through. More specifically, every buyer of an asset must be paired up with a seller that is willing to… … Investment dictionary
risk — speculative risk A possibility of financial loss (whether in absolute terms or relative to expectations) that is inseparable from the opportunity for financial gain. Some of the major categories are market risk, credit risk, liquidity risk, and… … Big dictionary of business and management
Counterparty credit risk — Risk that the counterparty will fail to meet its obligations under the terms agreed of all contracts resulting in possible replacement costs. Counterparty credit risk is becoming an important factor in the derivatives markets (such as swaps).… … International financial encyclopaedia
counterparty — A term used to identify the other party in a two party transaction. For example, the counterparty of a buyer is the seller to that buyer. The term counterparty is frequently used to identify the other party in repurchase agreement transactions… … Financial and business terms